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In Review

  • Randriambolamanantsoa TH, Razanajatovo NH, Ranaivoson HC, Randrianasolo L, Rabarison JH, Razafinmanjato H, Ratsimbazafy A, Rakoto DAD, Héraud J-M, Lacoste V, and Brook CE. Climatic drivers of seasonal dynamics for Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) in Antananarivo, Madagascar, 2011-2021. In Review. Link to medRxiv Preprint.

  • Horigan S, Kistler A, Ranaivoson HC, Andrianianina A, Andry S, Kettenburg G, Raharinosy V, Randriambolamanantsoa TH, Tato CM, Lacoste V, Héraud, JM, Dussart P, and Brook CE. Detection, characterization, and phylogenetic analysis of a near-whole genome sequence of a novel astrovirus in an endemic Malagasy fruit bat, Rousettus madagascariensis. Link to BioRxiv Preprint.

  • Kim C, Buchholz D, Yeo YY, Ma A, Ezzatpour S, Brook CE, and Aguilar-Carreno H. Angavokely virus fusion and attachment glycoproteins mediate membrane fusion in human cells. In Review.

In Revision

  • Brook CE, Rozins C, Bohl JA, Ahyong V, Chea S, Fahsbender E, Huy R, Lay S, Leang R, Li Y, Lon C, Man S, Oum M, Northrup GR, Oliveira F, Pacheco AR, Parker DM, Young KI, Boots M, Tato CM, DeRisi JL, Yek C, and Manning JE. Climate, demography, immunology, and virology combine to drive two decades of dengue virus dynamics in Cambodia. In Revision. Link to MedRxiv Preprint.


  • Ruhs EC, Chia WN, Hiang Foo RJ, Peel AJ, Li Y, Larman HB, Irving AT, Wang LF, and Brook CE. Applications of VirScan to broad serological profiling of bat reservoirs for emerging zoonoses. 2023. Frontiers in Public Health. 11: 1212018. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2023.1212018.

  • Brook CE, Rozins C, Guth S, and Boots M. Reservoir host immunology and life history shape virulence evolution in zoonotic viruses. 2023. PLoS Biology. 21 (9): e3002268. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.3002268.
    • Profiled in PLoS Biology Primer by Samuel Alizon here.
    • Highlighted in Newsweek magazine article by Jess Thompson here.

  • Yek C, Li Y, Pacheco AR, Lon C, Duong V, Dussart P, Chea S, Young KI, Lay S, Man S, Kimsan S, Huch C, Leang R, Huy R, Brook CE, and Manning JE. National dengue surveillance, Cambodia 2002-2020. 2023. Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 101: 605-616. doi: 10.2471/BLT.21.287728


  • Tegally H, San J, Cotten M, Tegomoh B, Martin D…Brook CERanaivoson HC…and Wilkinson E (397 authors). The evolving SARS-CoV-2 epidemic in Africa: Insights from rapidly expanding genomic surveillance. 2022. Science. 378 (6615): eabq5358. doi: 10.1126/science.abq5358.

  • Andrianiaina A*, Andry S* , Gentles A, Guth S, Héraud JM, Ranaivoson HC, Ravelomanantsoa NAF, Treuer T, and Brook CE. Reproduction, seasonal morphology, and juvenile growth in three Malagasy fruit bats. 2022. Journal of Mammalogy. 103 (6): 1397-1408. doi: 10.1093/jmammal/gyac072.

  • Madera S, Kistler A, Ranaivoson HC, Ahyong V, Andrianiaina A, Andry S, Raharinosy V, Randriambolamanantsoa TH, Ravelomanantsoa NAF, Tato CM, DeRisi JL, Aguilar HC, Lacoste V, Dussart P, Heraud JM, and Brook CE. Discovery and genomic characterization of a novel henipavirus, Angavokely virus, from fruit bats in Madagascar. 2022. Journal of Virology. 96 (18): e00921-22. doi: 10.1128/jvi.00921-22

  • Guth S, Mollentze N, Renault K, Streicker DG, Visher E, Boots M±, and Brook CE±. Bats host the most virulent—but not the most dangerous—zoonotic viruses. 2022. PNAS. 119 (14): e2113628119. doi: 10.1073/pnas.2113628119. ± = equal senior contributions

  • Kettenburg G, Kistler A, Ranaivoson HC, Ahyong V, Andrianiaina A, Andry S, DeRisi JL, Gentles A, Raharinosy V, Randriambolamanantsoa TH, Ravelomanantsoa NAF, Tato CM, Dussart P, Heraud JM, and Brook CE. Full genome Nobecovirus sequences from Malagasy fruit bats define a unique evolutionary history for this coronavirus clade. 2022. Frontiers in Public Health. 10: 786060. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2022.786060.

  • Jones DN, Ravelomanantsoa NAF, Yeoman CJ, Plowright RK*, and Brook CE*. Do gastrointestinal microbiomes play a role in bats’ unique viral hosting capacity? 2022. Trends in Microbiology. 30 (7): 632-642. doi: 10.1016/j.tim.2021.12.009. *=equal senior contributions

  • Andriamandimby SF*, Brook CE*, Razanajatovo N, Randriambolamanantsoa TH, Rakotondramanga J-M, Rasambainarivo F, Raharimanga V, Razanajatovo IM, Mangahasimbola R, Razafindratsimandresy R, Randrianarisoa S, Bernardson B, Rabarison JH, Randrianarisoa M, Nasolo FS, Rabetombosoa RM, Ratsimbazafy AM, Raharinosy V, Rabemananjara AH, Ranaivoson HC, Razafimanjato H, Randremanana R±, Heraud J-M±, Dussart P±. Cross-sectional cycle threshold values reflect epidemic dynamics of COVID-19 in Madagascar. 2022. Epidemics. 38: 1000533. doi: 10.1016/j.epidem.2021.100533. *=equal lead contributions; ± equal senior contributions


  • Brook CE, Northrup GR, Ehrenberg AJ, the IGI Testing Consortium, Doudna JA, and Boots M. Optimizing COVID-19 control with asymptomatic surveillance testing in a university environment. 2021. Epidemics. 37: 100527. doi: 10.1016/j.epidem.2021.100527

  • Albery GF, Becker DJ, Brierley L, Brook CE, Christofferson RC, Cohen LE, Dallas TA, Eskew EA, Fagre A, Farrell M, Glennon E, Guth S, Joseph MB, Mollentze N, Neely BA, Poisot T, Rasmussen AL, Ryan SJ, Sjodin AR, Seifert S, Sorrell EM, and Carlson CJ. The science of the host-virus network. 2021. Nature Microbiology. 6: 1483-1492. doi: 10.1038/s41564-021-00999-5

  • Ruiz-Aravena M, McKee C, Gamble A, Hudson P, Parrish CR, Bharti N, Faust C, Schountz T, Restif O, Morris A, Jax E, Dee L, Lunn T, Peel A, Munster VJ, Yinda CK, Port JR, Brook CE, Aguilar HC, Yeo YY, Buchholz DW, Lloyd-Smith JO, Snedden C, Gurley ES, Jones D, Kessler M, Falvo C, Crowley D, Botto G, Rynda-Apple A, Plowright RK. Coronaviruses in bats: Ecology, evolution, and zoonotic spillover. 2021. Nature Reviews Microbiology. 20: 299-314. doi: 10.1038/s41579-021-00652-2

  • Wilkinson E, Giovanetti M, Tegally T, San JE, Lessels R, Cuadros D, Martin DP, Zekri A-RN, Sangare AK, Ouedraogo A-S, Sesay AK, Hammami A, Amuri AA, Sayed A, Rebai A, Elargoubi A, Trotter AJ, Keita AK, Sall AA, Kone A, Souissi A, Gutierrez AV, Page AJ, Iranzadeh A, Lambisia A, Sylverken A, Ibrahimi A, Dhaala B, Kouriba B, Kleinhans B, Brook CERanaivoson HC… and de Oliveira T (291 authors). A year of genomic surveillance reveals how the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic unfolded in Africa. 2021. Science. 374 (6566): 423-431. doi: 10.1126/science.abj4336.

  • Annapragada A, Brook CE, Luskin MS, Rahariniaina RP, Helin M, Razafinarivo O, Ralaiarison AR, Randriamady HJ, Olson LE, Goodman SM, Golden CD. Evaluation of tenrec population viability and potential sustainable management under hunting pressure in northeastern Madagascar. 2021. Animal Conservation. 24 (6): 1059-1070. doi: 10.1111/acv.12714.

  • Ehrenberg AJ, Moehle EA, Brook CE, Doudna Cate AH, Witkowsky LB, Sachdeva R, Hirsch A, Barry K, Hamilton JR, Lin-Shiao E, McDevitt S, Valentin-Alvarado L, Letourneau KN, Hunter L, Pestal K, Frankino PA, Murley A, Nandakumar D, Stahl EC, Tsuchida CA, Gildea H, Murdock A, Hochstrasser ML, Bardet L, Sherry C, the IGI SARS-CoV-2 consortium, Harte A, Nicolette G, Petersen M, Giannikopoulos P, Hockemeyer D, Urnov FD, Ringeisen BR, Boots M, Doudna JA. Launching a saliva-based SARS-CoV-2 surveillance testing program on a university campus. 2021. PLoS One. 16 (5): e0251296. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0251296

  • Randremanana R, Andriamandimby SF, Rakotondramanga J-M, Razanajatovo N, Mangahasimbola R, Randriambolamanantsoa T, Ranaivoson HC, Rabemananjara H, Razanajatovo I, Razafindratsimandresy R, Rabarison J, Brook CE, Rakotomanana F, Rabetombosoa R, Razafimanjato H, Ahyong V, Raharinosy V, Raharimanga V, Raharinantoanina S, Randrianarisoa M, Bernardson B, Randrianasolo L, Randriamampionona L, Tato CM, DeRisi JR, Dussart P, Vololoniaina M, Randriatsarafara F, Randriamanantany Z, and Heraud J-M. The COVID-19 Epidemic in Madagascar: clinical description and laboratory results of the first wave, March-September 2020. 2021. Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses. 15 (4) 457-468. doi: 10.1111/irv.12845.


  • Ravelomanantsoa NAF, Guth S, Andrianiaina A, Andry S, Gentles A, Ranaivoson HC, and Brook CE. 2020. The zoonotic potential of bat-borne coronaviruses. 2020. Emerging Topics in Life Sciences. 4 (4): 365-381. doi: 10.1042/ETLS20200097.

  • Gentles A, Guth S, Rozins C, and Brook CE. A review of mechanistic models of viral dynamics in bat reservoirs for zoonotic disease. 2020. Pathogens and Global Health. 114 (8): 407-425. doi: 10.1080/20477724.2020.1833161.

  • Rocha R, Aziz SA, Brook CE, Carvalho WD, Cooper-Bohannon R, Frick WF, Huang JCC, Kingston T, Lopez-Baucells A, Maas B, Mathews F, Medellin RA, Olival KJ, Peel AJ, Plowright RK, Razgour O, Rebelo H, Rodrigues L, Rossiter SJ, Russo D, Straka TM, Teeling EC, Treuer T, Voigt CC, and Webala PW. Bat conservation and zoonotic disease risk: A research agenda to prevent misguided persecution in the aftermath of COVID-19. 2020. Animal Conservation. 24 (3): 303-307. doi: 10.1111/acv.12636.

  • Olival KJ*, Cryan PM*, Amman BR, Baric RS, Blehert DS, Brook CE, Calisher CH, Castle KT, Coleman JTH, Daszak P, Epstein JH, Field H, Frick WF, Gilbert AT, Hayman DTS, Ip HS, Karesh WB, Johnson CK, Kading RK, Kingston T, Lorch JM, Mendendall IH, Peel AJ, Phelps KL, Plowright RK, Reeder DM, Reichard JD, Sleeman JM, Streicker DG, Towner JS, and Wang L-F. 2020. Possible risks of SARS-CoV-2 spillover to free-ranging wildlife: a case study of bats. 2020. PLoS Pathogens. 16 (9): e1008758. doi: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1008758. *=equal lead contributions

  • Amen AM, Barry KW, Boyle JM, Brook CE, Choo S, Cornmesser LT, Dilworth DJ, Doudna JA±, Ehrenberg AJ, Fedrigo I, Friedline SE, Graham TGW, Green R, Hamilton JR, Hirsh A, Hochstrasser ML, Hockemeyer D±, Krishnappa N, Lari A, Li H, Lin-Shiao E, Lu T, Lyons EF, Mark KG, Martell LA, Martins ARO, McDevitt SL, Mitchell PS, Moehle EA, Naca CL, Nandakumar D, O’Brien E, Pappas DJ, Pestal K, Quach DL, Rubin BE, Sachdeva R, Stahl EC, Syed AM, Tan I-L, Tollner AL, Tsuchida CA, Tsui CK, Turkalo TK, Urnov F±, Warf MB, Whitney ON, Witkowsky LB. 2020. Blueprint for a Pop-up SARS-CoV-2 Testing Lab. Nature Biotechnology. 38 (7):791-797. doi: 10.1038/s41587-020-0583-3. ±=equal senior contributions

  • Brook CE, Boots M, Chandran KC, Dobson AP, Drosten C, Graham AL, Grenfell BT, Müller MA, Ng M, Wang LF, and van Leeuwen A. 2020. Accelerated viral dynamics in bat cell lines, with implications for zoonotic emergence. eLife. 9: e48401. doi: 10.7554/eLife.48401.


  • Brook CE. 2019. A batty concept goes viral. Nature Ecology & Evolution. 3 (12): 1620-1621. doi: 10.1038/s41559-019-1045-5.

  • Guth S, Visher E, Boots M, and Brook CE. 2019. Host phylogenetic distance drives trends in virus virulence and transmissibility across the animal-human interface. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. 374 (1782): 20190296. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2019.0296.

  • Brook CE, Ranaivoson HC, Broder CC, Cunningham AA, Héraud JM, Peel AJ, Gibson L, Wood JLN, Metcalf CJE±, and Dobson AP±. 2019. Disentangling serology to elucidate henipa- and filovirus transmission in Madagascar fruit bats. Journal of Animal Ecology. . 88 (7): 1001-1016. doi: 10.1111/1365-2656.12985. ±=equal senior contributions.
    • Profiled in JAE blog here.

  • Brook CE, Ranaivoson HC, Andriafidison D, Ralisata M, Razafimanahaka J, Héraud JM, Dobson AP, and Metcalf CJE. 2019. Population trends for two Malagasy fruit bats. Biological Conservation. 234: 165-171. doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2019.03.032.

  • Ranaivoson HC, Héraud JM, Goethert HK, Telford SR, Rabetafika L± and Brook CE±. Babesial infection in the Madagascan flying fox, Pteropus rufus É. Geoffroy, 1803. 2019. Parasites & Vectors. 12 (51): 1307101933. doi: 10.1186/s13071-019-3300-7. ±=equal senior contributions


  • Brook CE, Herrera JP, Borgerson C, Fuller E, Andriamahazoarivosoa P, Rasolofoniaina BJR, Randrianasolo JLRR, Rakotondrafarasata ZRE, Randriamady HJ, Dobson AP, and Golden CD. 2018. Population viability and harvest sustainability for Madagascar lemurs. Conservation Biology. 33 (1): 99- 111. doi: 10.1111/cobi.13151.


  • Brook CE, Bai Y, Yu EO, Ranaivoson HC, Shin H, Dobson AP, Metcalf CJE±, Kosoy MY± and Dittmar K±. 2017. Elucidating transmission dynamics and host-parasite-vector relationships for rodent-borne Bartonella spp. in Madagascar. Epidemics. 20: 56-66. ±= equal senior contributions doi: 10.1016/j.epidem.2017.03.004.


  • Wesolowski A*, Mensah K*, Brook CE*, Andrianjafimasy M, Winter A, Buckee CO, Razafindratsimendresy R, Tatem AJ, Heraud J-M±, and Metcalf CJE. 2016±. Introduction of Rubella-Containing-Vaccine to Madagascar: Implications for roll-out and local elimination across low-income countries. Journal of the Royal Society Interface. 13 (177): 20151101. * = equal lead contributions; ±=equal senior contributions. doi: 10.1098/rsif.2015.110.


  • Brook CE, Beauclair R, Ngwenya O, Worden L, Ndeffo-Mbah M, Lietman TM, Satpathy SK, Galvani AP, and Porco TP. 2015. Spatial heterogeneity in projected leprosy trends in India. Parasites & Vectors. 8 (542): 2-11. doi: 10.1186/s13071-015-1124-7.

  • Rist CL, Ngonghala CN, Garchitorena A, Brook CE, Ramananjato, Miller RC, Randrianarivelojosia M, Wright PC, Gillespie TR, and Bonds MH. 2015. Modeling the burden of poultry disease on the rural poor in Madagascar. One Health. 1: 60-65. doi: 10.1016/j.onehlt.2015.10.002.

  • Brook CE, Bai Y, Dobson AP, Osikowicz L, Ranaivoson HC, Zhu Q, Kosoy MY, and Dittmar K. 2015. Bartonella spp. in fruit bats and blood-feeding ectoparasites in Madagascar. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 10 (2): e0003532. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0003532.

  • Brook CE and Dobson AP. 2015. Bats as ‘special’ reservoirs for emerging zoonotic pathogens. Trends in Microbiology. 23(3): 172-180. doi: 10.1016/j.tim.2014.12.004.

  • Guyton J and Brook CE. 2015. African Bats: Conservation in the Time of Ebola. Therya. 6 (1): 69-88. doi: 10.12933/therya-15-244.

  • Young HS, McCauley DJ, Dirzo R, Goheen JR, Agwanda B, Brook CE, Castillo EO, Ferguson AW, Nyaga SN, McDonough MM, Palmer TM, Pringle RM, Young TP, and Helgen KM. 2015. Context dependence of land-use change on small mammal communities. Ecological Applications. 25 (2): 348–60. doi: 10.1890/14-0995.1.


  • Brook CE, Bernstein DP, and Hadly EA. 2013. Human food subsidies and Common Raven occurrence in Yosemite National Park, CA. Western Birds. 44 (2): 127-34.